DEPENDÊNCIA DO AMBIENTE. O International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations (16: 4, Dezembro de 2005) publica um interessante artigo intitulado Strategic Management and Change in High Dependency Environments: The Case of a Philanthropic Organization . Neste artigo da autoria de Taïeb Hafsi e Howard Thomas apresenta-se o estudo de uma organização de caridade de Montreal e sugere-se que a dependência dessa organização do seu ambiente pode ser um estímulo para a própria adaptação da organização ao ambiente. Eis o resumo de forma mais substancial:

On the basis of a detailed, in-depth study of the operations and strategic decision-making of Centraide, a charitable organization in Greater Montreal, this paper suggests that dependency on the environment can be a stimulus to organizational adaptation. Two major changes over a 10-year period are studied to show that strategic management in high dependency situations requires a continual attention to the organization's relationships and interactions with the forces in its environment, and a continuous management of the process by which change takes place. The basic position advanced is that: strategy in philanthropic organizations is more effective in ensuring survival and growth when the search for autonomy is seen as irrelevant and when dependence is seen as an unavoidable fact that should shape behavior. A set of propositions helps conceptualize the findings and is offered as a guide for further research.

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